On April 16, 2012, the Security Council adopted a Presidential Statement (PRST) to condemn North Korea's recent launch using ballistic missile technology. In that PRST, the Security Council directed the DPRK Sanctions Committee ("1718 Committee") to impose new sanctions and tighten enforcement of existing sanctions on North Korea. On May 2, the Sanctions Committee announced a package of new measures to implement this PRST.
The Sanctions Committee decision had three principal components: identifying new North Korean companies for sanctions, updating information on the Committee's lists of prohibited nuclear and ballistic missile technology and updating the Committee's annual work plan.
The Sanctions Committee has designated three North Korean companies to be subject to a freeze of funds, other financial assets and economic resources. These companies all play a critical role in facilitating North Korea's prohibited activities. As a result of these designations, all UN Member States are obligated to freeze the assets of these companies and prohibit all financial transactions with them.
The three entities are:
1. Amroggang Development Banking Corporation: Amroggang is a company managed by the Tanchon Commercial Bank. Tanchon plays a role in financing North Korea's ballistic missiles sales and has been involved in ballistic missile transactions with Iran. Tanchon is the main North Korean financial entity for sales of conventional arms, ballistic missiles and goods related to the assembly and manufacture of such weapons. The Sanctions Committee designated Tanchon for sanctions in April 2009 after North Korea's missile launch that year.
2. Green Pine Associated Corporation: Green Pine is responsible for approximately half of the arms and related materiel exported by North Korea. Green Pine specializes in the production of maritime military craft and armaments, such as submarines, military boats and missiles systems, and has exported torpedoes and technical assistance to Iranian defense-related firms. Green Pine has taken over many of the activities of the Korea Mining and Development Trading Corporation (KOMID), North Korea's primary arms dealer and main exporter of goods and equipment related to ballistic missiles and conventional weapons. The Sanctions Committee designated KOMID for sanctions in April 2009 after North Korea's last missile launch.
3. The Korea Heungjin Trading Company: The Korea Heungjin Trading Company is used by KOMID for trading purposes. Heungjin has been associated with KOMID, and, more specifically, KOMID's procurement office. Heungjin has been used to procure an advanced digital controller with applications in missile design.
B) Update information contained on the Committee's list
The Committee updated two major existing lists of technical items that are prohibited for transfer to and from North Korea. These updates will make it harder for North Korea to acquire the technology it needs to proceed with its prohibited ballistic missile and nuclear programs.
First, the Committee updated a control list of sensitive ballistic missile technology (S/2012/235) based on the Missile Technology Control Regime, a multilateral association of states that harmonize their export control systems. This new control list will add additional items and update technical specifications in order to capture the latest items, materials, equipment, goods and technology that could be used to advance North Korea's ballistic missile program.
Second, the Committee updated a control list of sensitive nuclear technology (INFCIRC/254/Rev.10/Part1) based on the so-called "trigger list" of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, a multilateral group of states that coordinate their nuclear-related export controls. This new control list will add additional items and update technical specifications for technology that North Korea could use to advance its nuclear program.
The Committee will update these and other control lists on an annual basis in order to capture the latest advances in sensitive nuclear and ballistic missile technology.
C) Work Plan
The Committee has updated its annual work plan so as to intensify its efforts to monitor and improve sanctions implementation. This work plan includes specific action items to investigate alleged sanctions violations, update information on the Committee’s list of designated entities, individuals and items, promote better understanding of Member State obligations under the sanctions and assist states to implement and enforce these measures. For example, the Committee will take additional steps to help states enhance and report on the measures they are taking to enforce the sanctions; to engage with relevant UN organizations and agencies to ensure that their activities are consistent with the sanctions; and to review and facilitate the release of reports from the UN's DPRK Panel of Experts (POE), a UN sanctions monitoring body.
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