Mr. Chairman, on Earth Day this year, April 22, President Obama spoke to all of us when he said, “Earth Day has always been about people from different backgrounds and different walks of life coming together on behalf of a cause bigger than ourselves. And with that spirit of community, we must continue the hard work to … pass this world on to our children cleaner and safer than we found it.”
Our President’s message articulates the real strength of the CSD. The CSD recognizes that to achieve sustainable development we should all join our hands in partnership – governments, regions, businesses, NGOs, scientists, labor, indigenous, farmers, women, youth, local authorities and individuals – all of us. Sustainable development is a responsibility that we all share and one to which we must all must contribute.
Government, of course, has a special responsibility to provide clear laws and regulations, and may choose to provide incentives and levy costs. Governments also have the responsibility to share data and information transparently and involve the public in decision making, empowering them to improve their lives without sacrificing the future.
As we address sustainable development in the very important sectors and themes before the CSD in this cycle, there are a few general approaches the United States believes are particularly important to keep in mind:
Scientifically valid data on issues, such as chemical risks and exposures should lead to innovation and provide newer, safer, more effective products. Today we need breakthroughs in battery technology to improve transportation for tomorrow and to provide more use of renewable energy in the future.
One size does not fit all. Sustainable transportation or waste management solutions that work in New York City are in all likelihood not the same as those that work in Montana, and likewise those used in Belgium may not succeed in Malawi.
We can use regulatory approaches such as those being considered by the international community to regulate global mercury emissions or those used in the U.S. to increase fuel efficiency. But often voluntary efforts can be very effective. Voluntary programs and incentives led to increased recycling in the United States. Partnerships are being used to improve the efficiency of fertilizer use, which is improving livelihoods and reducing pollution. The wildly successful UNEP “Clean Fuels and Vehicles Partnership” helped eliminate lead in vehicle fuels. This public-private partnership is now focusing on reducing fuel sulfur levels. To achieve these goals involves governments, IOs, NGOs, researchers, and both the fuel and vehicle industries.
Citizens need to be informed and involved in decisions that affect them, be it the decision process for locating new facilities or transportation infrastructure or environmental standards for chemical or waste facilities. Citizens and groups can make important contributions that result in more sustainable solutions.
In conclusion, we have great opportunities and challenges in this cycle of CSD. We will only succeed if the CSD-18 and 19 outcomes move all of us – developed and developing countries, and major groups – to action and implementation that result in protection of the environment and improvement in people’s lives!
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