Remarks by Ambassador Rosemary A. DiCarlo, Deputy U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at a Security Council Debate on Cooperation Between the UN and Regional and Subregional Organizations

Rosemary A. DiCarlo
Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations 
U.S. Mission to the United Nations 
New York, NY
February 8, 2011




AS DELIVERED

Thank you, Madame President.

The United States welcomes High Representative Ashton back to the Security Council.  We thank Baroness Ashton for her briefing today and the European Union for its close and deep cooperation with the Security Council, cooperation which encompasses conflict prevention, crisis management, peacekeeping, post-conflict peacebuilding, and long-term capacity building.
Madame President, the European Union has become important partners for the Council in addressing matters of peace and security.  Together, we are applying more effective solutions to the increasingly complex problems we face. 

This morning, I would like to highlight a few areas of our effective cooperation: 

First, I would like to thank the European Union for its critical role in preventing and resolving conflict in the EU neighborhood, utilizing both civilian and military operations on the ground.  One example is Operation Althea in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which the United States strongly supports.  We welcome the EU’s intention to strengthen its civilian presence there to better promote reforms needed for Bosnian European integration.  In Kosovo, the United States is a contributor to the EU’s Rule of Law mission and supports the High Representative’s initiative to facilitate dialogue between Serbia and Kosovo to resolve practical issues, improve lives, and help realize both countries’ European perspective.  We likewise support the ongoing efforts of the EU, UN and OSCE as chairs of the Geneva process for Georgia, including their respective roles in facilitating the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRMs), which is tackling ongoing difficult security and humanitarian issues on the ground. 

Beyond Europe, we welcome the role played by the EU as a member of the Middle East Quartet.  The United States is continuing to consult with both the Israelis and Palestinians, and is working with the Quartet and our partners in the region to achieve a framework agreement on all the core issues, ultimately resulting in a negotiated peace agreement.  Further, we commend the EU’s support of UN efforts in the Horn of Africa, where the EU is deploying naval forces through Operation Atalanta to combat piracy, and in Haiti and Sudan.  The United States welcomes the Government of Sudan’s announcement that it accepts the Southern Sudan referendum results, and looks forward to continuing our work with the EU and the broader international community to ensure that the two states live alongside each other in peace.
 
We also note the EU’s support of a peaceful resolution to the political crisis in Cote d’Ivoire and the financial pressure it is putting on former President Gbagbo and his supporters to step aside in favor of democratically elected President Ouattara. 

Many challenges lay ahead, but we must maintain the unity of the international community’s response as we address these challenges in Cote d’Ivoire and elsewhere. 
Second, we would like to point out the EU’s support for training and capacity building, in coordination with the UN and international partners.  Such efforts can serve as a multiplier for the peacekeeping and peacebuilding activities undertaken by regional organizations.  We appreciate the EU’s initiative to share experience, through the EU-African Peace Facility, to build the African Union’s capacity for peace operations as well as the training the EU is providing for Somali government forces.

Within Afghanistan the EU, like the United States, works closely with the UN Assistance Mission. We commend the EU’s police training mission that has been operating in Afghanistan since 2007, in coordination with the NATO Training Mission and UNAMA. 
Especially important is its support for the construction of Afghan National Police Staff Colleges in Bamyan and Kabul in 2011.  The EU’s civilian assistance and the efforts of the numerous individual EU member states with personnel on the ground in Afghanistan at Provincial Reconstruction Teams contribute to Afghanistan’s long-term security. 

Finally, I want to strongly applaud the European Union’s commitment to the protection of women in conflict situations and the promotion of their participation in peace building.  The recent joint Africa-EU Strategy Action Plan underscores both organizations’ commitment to this important issue. 

Madame President, the United States expresses its appreciation to the European Union for its commitment to international peace and security and looks forward to further discussions between the UN and the EU on how to deepen cooperation and coordination.  

Thank you Madame President.

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PRN: 2011/020