Fact Sheet, Security Council Resolutions 1988 and 1989

New York, NY
June 17, 2011




FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Fact Sheet, Security Council Resolutions 1988 and 1989

Eleven years after the Security Council first imposed sanctions against the Taliban and al-Qaida, the Security Council has adopted two resolutions to respond to the evolving and distinct threats posed by these groups.  First, the Council adopted Resolution 1988 to create a new sanctions regime targeting those associated with the Taliban in constituting a threat to the peace, stability and security of Afghanistan.  Second, the Council adopted Resolution 1989 to focus the current 1267 sanctions regime on the al-Qaida terrorist network.  These two resolutions will allow the Council to custom-tailor and strengthen its response to these threats. 

Resolution 1988:

1. Creates a new Afghanistan sanctions regime to target threats to Afghanistan's stability.

  • Resolution 1988 allows a new sanctions regime targeting those associated with the Taliban in constituting “a threat to the peace, stability and security of Afghanistan." 
  • The Afghan Taliban-associated individuals who were previously listed under the 1267 sanctions have been transferred to this new sanctions list. 
  • A new Sanctions Committee will be established to oversee the implementation of the new Consolidated List, including by considering requests for new listings and delistings. 
  • The 1267 Monitoring Team will support both this new Sanctions Committee, as well as the existing 1267 Committee. 

2. Establishes specific criteria for having the sanctions removed. 

  • The Security Council has directed the new Afghanistan Sanctions Committee to lift sanctions on individuals who meet the reconciliation conditions agreed to by the Afghan government and the international community.
  • hese delisting criteria include: renouncing violence, severing links to international terrorist organizations (particularly al-Qaida and affiliates, and respecting the Afghan Constitution.
  • The Security Council has said that delisting requests on behalf of reconciled individuals should, if possible, include a communication from the Afghan government’s High Peace Council confirming the reconciled status of the individual. 
  • Every six months, the Committee will receive the names of individuals whom the Afghan government considers to be reconciled, in addition to reviewing any specific delisting requests that are submitted in the interim.

3. Continue to ensure fair procedures exist for listed individuals. 

  • The new sanctions regime will incorporate procedures to ensure the sanctions are implemented as fairly and transparently as possible, including requirements to notify listed individuals, requirements to publish narrative summaries of reasons for listing and regular review of sanctions lists. 
  • Individuals seeking to be delisted may directly petition the UN Focal Point to have the sanctions against them removed (the same process as other country-specific UN sanctions regimes).

Resolution 1989:

1. Focuses the 1267 regime exclusively on the threat from al-Qaida. 

  • Resolution 1989 will modify the 1267 sanctions list so that it is tailored to target individuals and entities associated with al-Qaida.  This reinforces our core goal of disrupting, dismantling and defeating al-Qaida.
  • Afghan Taliban individuals previously subject to the 1267 sanctions will be transferred to the new Afghanistan sanctions list. 

2. Expands the mandate of the 1267 Ombudsperson

  • The new 1267 resolution expands the mandate of the 1267 Ombudsperson, whose Office was established in UNSCR 1904 (2009) to help the 1267 Committee consider requests to delist individuals and entities. 
  • For the first time ever, the Ombudsperson will be able to make recommendations to the Committee whether to accept or reject a delisting request. 
  • If the Ombudsperson recommends against retaining a listing, then that listing will be removed unless the Committee decides by consensus to retain it, although the question can be submitted to the Security Council. 
  • The resolution strongly urges States to provide the Ombudsperson with all relevant information, including confidential information, concerning delisting petitions, to further enhance the Ombudsperson’s ability to offer an effective independent review.

3. Improves the fairness and transparency of how the sanctions are applied.

  • The resolution enhances the Security Council's ongoing efforts to refine and improve procedures used to add and remove people to the 1267 list.
  • The state that initially requested a name be added to the sanctions list may request the name be removed at any time; upon such a request, the listing will be automatically removed unless the Committee decides otherwise, although the question can also be submitted to the Security Council. 
  • The 1267 Committee will continue to conduct regular triennial reviews of its list, as well as annual reviews listed individuals who are reportedly deceased, and also review and update to the extent possible listings that the Monitoring Team circulates to the Committee for consideration due to concerns over the lack adequate identifying information impeding Member States implementation of the sanctions.

###



PRN: 2011/119